In my previous article about episodes 11 and 12 of the Ugly Voice Productions video, I had pointed out, among other things, that the archaeological investigation led by Prof. Andrzej Kola on the area of Belzec between 1997 and 1999, during which 33 mass graves with a total volume of ca. 21,000 cubic meters were identified, was not even mentioned in the video’s episode 12. Thereupon an anonymous “Revisionist” smart-ass, who obviously had not read my statement carefully enough, tried to correct me by stating that Kola’s study is mentioned in «chapter 18 and 19 of the movie». I replied that I had made no pretension in my article to have looked at the whole movie, and that its episodes 18 and 19, if mentioning Kola’s study, might be the subject of a future article.
So now I follow up Sergey’s brilliant article An Ugly Analysis with another contribution to our growing collection of commentaries on the Ugly Voice video clips.
Episode 18 starts with the anonymous Mr. Ugly Voice giving his viewers some wisdom about how soil tends to be structured in different geological sediment layers, which of course would be upset by the digging of mass graves, which is why he thinks it would be “self evident” to take soil samples from areas outside and inside the former Treblinka extermination camp and compare the sediment layer structure of both in order to determine if there was ever a disturbance of the original geological sediment layer structure of the latter. He doesn’t explain, however, why on earth someone should bother to do such “experiment” after it was already established by excavations (which are incidentally mentioned later on in this clip and will be addressed in more detail in the present article) that there had been digging and disposal of human remains on a large scale in the Treblinka area, and despite the fact that (as I haven’t seen our friend mention anywhere in his film so far) hardly any of the hundreds of thousands of documented deportees to what all known evidence shows to have been a killing center is known to have ever left the place alive.
Our friend also doesn’t reveal (at least in this episode) on what basis he established the “rough” size and location of the “alleged killing and burial area of the camp”, which he outlines in this context on a photo of Treblinka in the 1960s. Presumably his underlying calculations are based on un-scaled maps that were drawn by eyewitnesses or by others on the basis of eyewitness testimonies – a fallacious approach on his part, already addressed in my previous article about episodes 11 and 12 of the Ugly Voice Productions video.
After this brilliant introduction, viewers are treated to impressive figures about what the soil of the Treblinka mass graves should contain:
• Ashes of 225 million pounds of wood, assuming 750,000 bodies and a “low estimate” of 300 pounds of wood per person.
• Millions of teeth.
As to the ashes, our friend’s calculation of the corresponding wood amount, i.e. 300 pounds or ca. 136 kg per person, might be fairly reasonable, according to my calculations and the sources mentioned in section 4.2 of my article Carlo Mattogno on Belzec Archaeological Research, if the persons killed at Treblinka had weighed about 70 kg on average, and if they had all been incinerated right after having been killed, and not mostly after weeks or months of lying in mass graves. None of this was the case, of course. Even Mattogno assumes an average weight of 46 kg for Treblinka corpses (“average assumed weight, including allowance for presumed children” – as women and children were usually unable to work and thus the first to be exterminated at places like Treblinka, the “allowance” should be slapped around Mr. Mattogno’s ears), and if 700,000 out of our Ugly Voice friend’s 750,000 corpses eventually incinerated at Treblinka had previously lain in mass graves and were equally distributed among corpses at the stage of putrefaction and corpses at the advanced stages of decomposition, the average weight of previously buried bodies to be burned, assuming the average body weight “allowed” by Mattogno is adequate for Treblinka and otherwise applying my calculations for Belzec to this case, would have been the following:
Corpses at the stage of putrefaction: 350,000 x 46 kg = 16,100,000 kg.
Corpses at the stage of black putrefaction or butyric fermentation: 350,000 x 18 kg (40 % of 46 kg, the other 60 % corresponding to the fluids that would have left the body at these stages) = 6,440,000 kg.
Total weight of 700,000 corpses: 16,100,000 + 6,440,000 = 22,540,000 kg.
Average weight per corpse: 22,540,000 ÷ 700,000 = 32 kg.
The maximum amount of wood required to burn 32 kg of corpse under the conditions existing at Treblinka and the other Aktion Reinhard(t) camps (where the dryness of a large part if not most of the corpses and/or flammable substances forming during the decomposition process presumably reduced the firewood requirements far below the amounts I calculated, as pointed out in section 4.2 of my article Carlo Mattogno on Belzec Archaeological Research) would have been 64 kg, according to my calculations for Belzec. If another 50,000 corpses were burned at Treblinka right after the killing, without having been previously buried in mass graves (as was done in the later stages of the camp’s operation), and if each of these required 46 x 2 = 92 kg of firewood for burning, the maximum total amount of wood required for burning 750,000 corpses at Treblinka would have been the following:
Corpses burned after being taken out of the mass graves: 700,000 x 64 = 45,080,000 kg
Corpses burned directly after killing: 50,000 x 92 = 4,600,000 kg
Total weight of required firewood: 49,680,000 kg
49,680,000 kg equal ca. 109,525,652 pounds, which means that our Ugly Voice friend’s “low estimate” of 225,000,000 pounds of wood is exaggerated by a factor of about 2 at least.
49,680,000 kg or 49,680 tons of wood, according to Mr. Mattogno (see section 4.5 of my article Carlo Mattogno on Belzec Archaeological Research), would leave behind 49,680 x 0.08 = 3,974 tons of ash with a volume of 3,974 ÷ 0.34 = 11,689 cubic meters. The incinerated corpses themselves, weighing a total of 16,100,000 + 6,440,000 + 2,300,000 = 24,840,000 kg or 24,840 tons, would according to Mattogno’s calculation factors leave behind 24,840 x 0.05 = 1,242 tons of ashes with a volume of 1,242 ÷ 0.5 = 2,484 cubic meters. The total incineration remains returned to the Treblinka mass graves would thus (at most, considering the conditions mentioned above) have had a volume of 11,689 + 2,484 = 14,173 cubic meters.
Now, the volume of the mass graves, according to the calculations in my article Polish investigations of the Treblinka killing site were a complete failure ..., was more than 90,000 cubic meters. This means that the cremation remains that one can at most expect to find in these graves would be amongst amounts of soil about six times larger, wildly mixed with this soil due to the robbery digs that went on for over a decade after the end of the war, and thus rather hard to separate from this soil so as to allow for their quantification. If we look at the human ashes alone, the relative amount thereof in the soil is even much less: 2,484 out of ca. 90,000 cubic meters, or about 3% of the total volume of the mass graves!
The teeth that Mr. Ugly Voice and Mr. Neumaier make so much of would hardly change this picture. First of all, it is doubtful whether all that many teeth would have survived the incineration and subsequent crushing and grinding procedure, which Neumaier refers to but does not describe in detail, perhaps for good reason. The procedure is described as follows on pages 189 and following of the study Nationalsozialistische Massentötungen durch Giftgas, edited by Eugen Kogon, Hermann Langbein, Adalbert Rückerl et al:
Wenn das Feuer erlosch, blieben ganze Skelette oder vereinzelte Knochen auf dem Rost zurück. Darunter hatten sich Berge von Asche gesammelt. Ein anderes Häftlingskommando, »die Aschenkolonne«, musste sie zusammenkehren und die Überreste der Knochen auf dünne Bleche legen. Mittels runder Holzpflöcke wurden die Knochen kleingestampft und danach durch ein engmaschiges Metallsieb geschüttelt; was darin hängenblieb, wurde noch einmal zerkleinert. Unverbrannte Knochen, die schwer zu zersplittern waren, wurden ein zweites Mal ins Feuer geworfen.
When the fire went out, whole skeletons or single bones remained on the grid. Underneath mountains of ash had gathered. Another inmate detachment, the »ash column«, had to collect them and place the remains of the bones onto thin metal sheets. By means of round wooden logs the bones were ground and then run through a tightly meshed metal sieve; what was caught therein was ground once more. Unburned bones that were hard to break up were thrown into the fire a second time.
But even in the improbable case that Neumaier’s 20 teeth per corpse survived this procedure as well as the postwar robbery digs involving the use of explosives (see my article Polish investigations of the Treblinka killing site were a complete failure …) and that 750,000 corpses thus left 15 million teeth still buried together with the human and wooden ashes in the Treblinka mass graves, it would not exactly be a piece of cake to separate 167 teeth per cubic meter (assuming an even distribution of the teeth throughout the soil, which would not necessarily have occurred - there might just as well have been larger concentrations of teeth in certain parts of the filled-in soil and smaller concentrations or no teeth at all in others) from the masses of soil and ashes surrounding them in order to allow for a quantification of the total amount of teeth in the area and thence drawing conclusions about the number of people buried there. In fact, any quantification of human remains in the area of Treblinka would require digging up all the soil from the mass graves once they had been exactly located, i.e. about 90,000 cubic meters of soil according to my calculations, and then finding a method by which to separate the human remains from the wood ash and the sandy ground they are mixed with in such a way as to allow for a more or less reliable quantification of the bodies that these remains belong to. This would be possible only in regard to the teeth, assuming the improbable case that they survived in sufficient numbers, and the related procedure would presumably require no less time and resources than the search for emeralds in the dug-up earth of a respective mining area.
Why, now, would any forensic investigators or historical researchers of events at Treblinka undertake such a presumably Herculean and not necessarily fruitful effort in order to more or less establish the number of people murdered at Treblinka, when there is a far more accurate method for establishing this number? This method consists in assessing the number of people who were transported to Treblinka – and of whom all except a few dozen escapees never left the place alive – on the basis of pertinent eyewitness accounts and documentary evidence. The Polish Central Commission for the Investigation of German Crimes in Poland seems to have been the first to recognize that this method, and not combing through tens of thousands of cubic meters of soil for human ashes, bone fragments or teeth, was the most accurate means to establish the order of magnitude of the mass murder committed at Treblinka. The following quote is from the English translation of the report on Treblinka by the Central Commission for the Investigation of German Crimes in Poland; emphases by bolding are mine:
An accurate calculation of the number of victims is at present impossible. It will be remembered that Treblinka ceased its activities in the autumn of 1943, so that the German authorities had enough time to wipe out the traces of their crimes. The most reliable method of counting the number of victims is by counting the number of train-loads. The figures based on the dimensions of the gas chambers give no guarantee whatever of accuracy, as we do not know, firstly, how often the gas-chambers were used, and, secondly, the number of people who, on an average, were gassed at any one time. In establishing the number of train-loads, the commission based its findings on the evidence given by the witnesses, laying special stress on the statements of the railway workers and on the railway records from Treblinka station, which are in the possession of the commission of enquiry.
The most active period seems to have been from August to the middle of December, 1942. During that time we may assume one daily train-load as unquestionable according to the evidence of the railway-workers. Indeed four witnesses put the figure at two per day. After that, from the middle of January to the middle of May, 1943, the average was probably one a week. Some of the witnesses put the figure at three.
The average number of wagons in a transport was 50 through sometimes, as the railway records showed, it was as many as 58.
The total number of wagon-loads of victimls from August 1, 1942, to May 15, 1943, may be taken, with some certainty, to have been 7,550.
In the later period, from the railway records; the list of the wagons for August 17, 1943; a telegram of August 18, 1943; and a document entitled Fahrplanordnung Nr. 290 sent from Treblinka station by the Reichsbahndirektion Königsberg, the number of train-loads could be established quite accurately.
In the above-mentioned Fahrplanordnung we read among ather things: Zur Abbeförderung von Aussledlern verkehrenp.104
folgende Sonderzüge von Bialystok nach Malkinia. Ziel Treblinka, from which it may be concluded that after the revolt the following train-loads, were brought in: on Aug. 27, 1943, 41 wagons; on Aug. 19, 35 wagons; on Aug. 21, two transports of 38 wagons each; on Aug. 22, two transports of 39 wagons each; and on Aug. 23, one transport of 38 wagons; i. e. a total of 266 wagons.
As an average number of persons per wagon we may take 100 (the majority of witnesses deposed that it was more than 150).
According to this calculation the number of victims murdered at Treblinka amounts to at least 731,600. Taking into consideration the great caution with which the investigators assessed the number of train-loads and the average number of persons per wagon, this must be accepted as probable, that in actual fact the number of victims was even larger1. (1It should be pointed out that from pertinent documents such as telegrams, time-tables and way-bills it appears absolutely certain that more than two thousand wagon-loads of Jews were brought to Treblinka; yet these documents constituted but a small part of all the railway documentary evidence, the greater part of which is lost.)
The adequacy of this approach, as well as the accuracy or this early calculation, which did not yet benefit from documentary evidence discovered since, is shown by the fact that, according to the report sent by SS-Sturmbannführer Höfle in Lublin on 11 January 1943 to Obersturmbannführer Heim in Krakow (which, incidentally, I wouldn’t be surprised not to find mentioned anywhere in the Ugly Voice Productions video), 713,555 Jews had been delivered at Treblinka by 31.12.1942. One wonders what erroneous orders of magnitude the Poles would have come up with if, instead of taking their reasonable quantification approach, they had endeavored to detach from an enormous amount of soil the human remains contained therein in a way that would allow for quantifying the victims. Such quantification can be difficult if not impossible even where no incineration of the bodies has occurred, like in the case of the 884 bone fragments found under a cliff overhang in Croatian Krapina by geologist Dagutin Gorjanovic Kramberger in 1899, regarding which – according to this article – no one can tell to this day if they belong to 20 or to 80 dead bodies.
To be sure, Mr. Ugly Voice doesn’t speak of quantification when he bemoans the supposed lack of soil examinations.
But why, if not in order to quantify the victims, should anyone have looked into the soil underneath the Treblinka site at all?
In order to establish whether there had really been mass graves at a place that everyone involved with it described as a killing site and where hundreds of thousands of people had disappeared from the face of the earth? That’s what I would call a waste of time.
In order to make sure that the physical traces of the killing are compatible with the order of magnitude thereof that becomes apparent from the documentary, eyewitness and demographic evidence, however unreasonable it is to expect incompatibility? Not a must either, but there’s also nothing wrong with cross-checking known sources of evidence against as many other sources of evidence as possible, and for this purpose looking underneath the area where hundreds of thousands of murdered people were disposed of is certainly an endeavor to be welcomed.
Showing some elementary logic for once, Mr. Ugly Voice places excavations above soil sample examinations as a means to establish the killing site’s underground, and even mentions that such excavations have been carried out at the AR camp sites, albeit by “the Soviets and Soviet-installed governments”, as if that significantly reduced their value or even made them worthless. What these excavations turned up he apparently prefers not to mention.
Fortunately for who doesn’t feel like swallowing Mr. Ugly Voice’s chatter, the often useful Mr. Mattogno provided translations of the pertinent investigation reports on Treblinka and Belzec in his respective screeds about these camps. The following passages relating to the report on Treblinka were already quoted in my article Polish investigations of the Treblinka killing site were a complete failure … (bolding emphases in the following quote are mine):
For the purpose of performing an official investigation of the scene of the crime, Judge Lukaszkiewicz had gone to Treblinka. As he later explained, he acted206 "[…] at the request of the State Prosecutor of the District Court in Siedlce of September 24, 1945, further induced by a letter of September 18, 1945, of the Main Commission for the Investigation of the German Murders in Poland."
After bidding farewell to the visitors, Lukaszkiewicz set to work with a group of workers. Between November 9 and 13, he undertook a thorough examination of the grounds as well as a series of excavations. Afterwards he composed an official protocol, which we reproduce in full in view of its significance:207
"Protocol of the tasks performed on the grounds of the death camp Treblinka, which forms the object of the judicial examination.
From November 9 to 13, 1945, the examining magistrate of Siedlce, Z. Łukaszkiewicz, together with the State Attorney for the District Court of Siedlce, J. Maciejewski, performed the following tasks on the camp grounds:
November 9, 1945
Excavations were begun on the grounds using the services of 20 workers who had been mustered by the village administration for carrying out roadwork. The excavations began at the location described by the witness Rajzman on November 6, where the so-called ‘camp hospital’ had stood and where, according to the witness, a mass grave is supposed to exist.
Since a bomb crater 4 to 5-meter deep is present at the said location – two bombs still lie at a slight distance from this crater – the digging was begun in this crater. In the course of this work numerous Polish, as well as Russian, German, Austrian, and Czech coins as well as broken pieces of various kinds of containers were discovered. At the end of the work, at approximately 3 pm, at a depth of 6 meters, we encountered a layer which had not been reached previously. There were no human remains found.
November 10, 1945
The work was continued, with 36 workers assigned who had been commandeered for roadwork. At a depth of 6 meters begins a layer which has never before been uncovered by anyone. It consists partly of all sorts of kitchen utensils and different kinds of household objects; there are also pieces of clothing. At a depth of 7 meters, we reached the floor of the pit – a layer of yellow sand which is not mixed with gravel. By means of expansion of the excavation we succeeded in determining the shape of the pit. It has sloping walls, and the bottom measures about 1.5 meters [sic!]. The pit was presumably excavated with an excavator. During the course of the excavations, numerous more or less badly damaged Polish documents were discovered, further a badly damaged personal identity card of a German Jew, as well as several more coins: Polish, German, Russian, Belgian, and even American. After we had made certain that this pit, filled with broken pieces of the containers mentioned, ran in a north-south direction on the grounds of the camp area – 2 meters more [in a northerly direction] had been excavated – the workers started work at this location.
November 11, 1945
A series of test excavations were performed at the place where the [gas] chambers had to have been located, in order to find their foundation walls if possible. Pits 10 - 15 meters in length and 1.5 meters deep were dug. Undisturbed layers of earth were uncovered by this.
The largest of the craters produced by explosions (numerous fragments attest to the fact that these explosions were set off by bombs), which is at maximum 6 meters deep and has a diameter of about 25 meters – its walls give recognizable evidence of the presence of a large quantity of ashes as well as human remains – was further excavated in order to discover the depth of the pit in this part of the camp. Numerous human remains were found by these excavations, partially still in a state of decomposition. The soil consists of ashes interspersed with sand, is of a dark gray color and granulous in form. During the excavations, the soil gave off an intense odor of burning and decay. At a depth of 7.5 meters the bottom was reached, which consisted of layers of unmixed sand. At this point the digging was stopped here.
November 13, 1945
With the assistance of 30 workers employed for roadwork, the opening of a pit was begun – a site where refuse was deposited in the northeastern section of the camp. In this location, as the workers from the nearby hamlets explained, a very large number of documents were found up till now. Work was begun at this location where the people [of that area] had dug a three-meter-deep pit in a search for gold. During the course of the digging, broken pieces of all sorts of kitchen containers as well as a large number of rags were continually found. Aside from the coins discovered so far, Greek, Slovakian, and French ones were found, as well as documents in Hebrew and Polish and remnants of a Soviet passport. At a depth of 5 meters the work was stopped due to the steadily worsening weather conditions.
The Examining Judge The State Attorney
The Examining Judge of Siedlce, on November 13, 1945, rules in consideration of the fact that with great probability no mass graves are any longer to be found on the grounds of the former camp today, as is to be concluded from the witness testimonies examined so far and from the results of the works carried out at the site, and in consideration of the oncoming autumn, the present rainfall and the necessity of a rapid conclusion of the judicial preliminary investigations, in view of all these facts to stop the work on the territory of the former death camp Treblinka.
The Examining Judge
On December 29, 1945, after the conclusion of his preliminary investigations, Lukaszkiewicz issued a protocol with 14 paragraphs, which – as already mentioned – was presented by the Soviets at the Nuremberg Trial as Document USSR-344. In the third paragraph, which bears the title "Current condition of the camp terrain", it says the following:209
"With the assistance of an expert land surveyor and witnesses, I made an exact inspection of the terrain. According to the measurements, the area of the camp is approximately 13.45 hectares and had the shape of an irregular quadrilateral. No remnants of facilities of the former death camp exist any longer. The only things that remain of the structures are: a ditch with remains of burned wooden poles protruding up, which lead into the cellar, wall bricks from the foundations of the camp’s domestic economics building and the site of the well. Here and there one finds traces of the burned-out wooden poles of the fence and remains of barbed wire. There are also some sections of paved walks that remain. Nonetheless, there are still other traces that hint at the existence and functions of the camp. In the northwestern section of the area, the surface is covered for about 2 hectares by a mixture of ashes and sand. In this mixture, one finds countless human bones, often still covered with tissue remains, which are in a condition of decomposition. During the inspection, which I made with the assistance of an expert in forensic medicine, it was determined that the ashes are without any doubt of human origin (remains of cremated human bones). The examination of human skulls could discover no trace of« wounding. At a distance of some 100 m, there is now an unpleasant odor of burning and decay. In the southwestern direction, a portion of the camp terrain is covered by aluminum – enamel – glass and porcelain dishes – kitchen utensils – hand luggage – rucksacks – pieces of clothing, etc. There are innumerable holes and craters on the property."
Lukaszkiewicz summarized the investigations carried out a month earlier at that location as follows:210
"During the work on the terrain, I found no mass graves, which, in connection with the statements by the witnesses Romanowski and Wiernik, leads to the conclusion that nearly all of the bodies of the victims were burned, all the more so since the camp was liquidated early and the murderers had much time. The ground of the camp was ploughed and sown. Ukrainians were settled there, who fled before the arrival of the Red Army (witnesses Kucharek and Lopuszyński)."
Regarding Belzec, we find the following on pages 79 f of Mattogno’s Belzec in Propaganda, Testimonies, Archaeological Research, and History [large PDF], much praised by Mr. Ugly Voice (bolding emphases are mine):
On October 12, 1945, the Regional Investigative Judge of the district court of Zamosc, Czeslaw Godzieszewski, presented an “Account of the diggings in the cemetery of the Belzec extermination camp,” in which he set down the findings from the inspection of the Be ec camp he had made that day, aided by 12 workers. In this context, he wrote:242
“The opening labeled No. 1 was taken down to a depth of 8 m and a width of 10 m and attained the bottom level of the graves. During the operation, at a depth of about 2 m, we struck the first layer of ash stemming from incinerated human bodies, mixed with sand. This layer was about 1 m thick. The next layer of ash was discovered at a depth of 4 – 6 meters. In the ash removed, some charred remains of human bodies were found, such as hands and arms, women’s hair, as well as human bones not totally burnt. We also recovered pieces of burnt wood. In trench No. 1, the layer of human ash stopped at a depth of 6 meters. The opening labeled No. 2 was taken down to a depth of 6 meters. In this trench, the layer of human ash began at a depth of 1.5 m and continued down to a depth of some 5 m, with occasional breaks. Here, too, the ash contained human hair, part of a human body, pieces of clothing, and remnants of incompletely burnt bones. Openings labeled Nos. 3 and 4 were freed to a depth of 3 meters. In hole No. 4, at a depth of 80 cm, we found a human skull with remnants of skin and hair, as well as two shinbones and a rib. Furthermore, at a level of between one and three meters, these holes yielded human ash mixed with sand and fragments of incompletely burnt human bones. Openings labeled Nos. 5, 6, 7, 8, and 9 were dug to a depth of 2 m, but showed only human ash mixed with sand and human bones, such as jawbones and shinbones. Throughout all the excavations it was observed that the camp cemetery had already been disturbed by wildcat diggings; this is borne out by the fact that the layers of human ash are not uniform but mixed with sand. The recovered human bones; the bodily remains, which where in a state of complete decomposition; and the ash were collected in a common location to await the arrival of the district surgeon. Work was stopped at 17:30 hours.”
The next day, October 13, 1945, the findings were inspected by the coroner. The subsequent report describes primarily the results of the examination performed by the judge and the coroner:243
“During the inspection of the area of the extermination camp, particularly during the excavations at the place of the cemetery on October 12, 1945, a large number of human bones were found, such as skulls, parts of skulls, vertebrae, ribs, collarbones, shoulder blades, arm bones, lower legs, wrists, fingers, pelvic bones, thigh bones, lower legs, and foot bones.Some of the bones mentioned are either partly burnt or had not been burnt at all. Except for a few skulls showing rotting scalp and hair, the majority of the bones are free from soft tissue. Among the remains of human bodies recovered on October 12, 1945, we identified two forearms and a lumbar portion of the backbone with some soft tissue and traces of carbonization. The lumbar section belongs to an adult, whereas the forearms come from a child a few years old. From the size of the various bones one can conclude that they belong to persons of different age groups, from two-year-olds up to very old people, as borne out by toothless jaws and numerous dentures. Among the jawbones found there was one partially burnt specimen containing milk teeth as well as incipient permanent teeth, which indicates that it belongs to a person 7 to 8 years of age. No traces of bullet holes or other mechanical wounds were found on the skulls. The long bones show no traces either of gunshot wounds or fractures. Because of the advanced state of decomposition it was very difficult to say to what organs the recovered shapeless portions of soft tissue from human bodies might belong. In ahole dug by the local population in a search for gold and valuables, two lower legs belonging to a two-year-old child were discovered. These members are partly decomposed, partly mummified. The area of the cemetery, in particular the wildcat holes, is covered with layers of human ash of varying breadth, which stem from the incineration of human corpses and wood; they are intermingled with sand in varying proportions. The color of the ash varies between light-ash and dark gray; the ash has a heavy consistency and smells of decomposing human bodies. In the ash, charred human bones as well as pieces of charcoal are clearly visible. In the lower strata of the ash the smell of decomposition is more pronounced than in the layers nearer the surface. The hair discovered belongs mainly to women, as shown by their length and by the type of arrangement (braids and buns fixed with hairpins). In addition to natural hair, we encountered ladies’ wigs as well. With this, the inspection was terminated.”
The coroner’s expert opinion, which comes at the end of the report, reached the following conclusions: The bones found were human in origin and came from a “very large” quantity of corpses; these corpses had been interred about three years earlier; some of them did not present traces of incineration; and the examination of the skulls and other samples excluded shooting as the cause of death.
The parts I emphasized in the above quotes show that the Poles reported finding traces of huge mass graves or a huge mass graves area, namely deep pits and ground saturated with human ashes and other remains, pointing to the incineration of corpses on a very large scale (2 ha = 20,000 square meters covered by human remains at Treblinka, with the depth of the graves found to be 7.5 meters; graves up to a depth of 6 meters or more at Belzec, with layers of ashes one or several meters thick, the “area of the cemetery” being covered with “layers of human ash of varying breadth”). Regarding Treblinka, it was explained in my article Polish investigations of the Treblinka killing site were a complete failure … that the data contained in the Polish investigation report are enough to establish that there was enough room in the killing area of Treblinka extermination camp to bury the bodies of at least the 713,555 Jews who, according to the report sent by SS-Sturmbannführer Höfle in Lublin on 11 January 1943 to Obersturmbannführer Heim in Krakow, were delivered at Treblinka until 31.12.1942, which means that the physical traces of the mass killing are compatible with the order of magnitude that becomes apparent from the documentary and demographic evidence. Regarding Belzec, comparison of the 1945 report with Prof. Kola’s findings shows that the 1945 commission found only a part of the mass graves identified by Kola in his 1997-1999 study, but also here the early Polish report makes Mr. Ugly Voice’s speculations about there eventually being no physical traces compatible with large-scale mass murder look rather ridiculous.
Why one should dismiss the reported results of these postwar Polish investigations Mr. Ugly Voice does not explain; apparently he believes that attributing them to “the Soviets and Soviet-installed governments” is enough to discredit these reports. Yet not only does the corroboration of the early Polish investigation results by evidence completely independent thereof (e.g. defendants’ depositions and eyewitness testimonies before West German courts and documents discovered by Western historians, like Höfle’s report to Heim of 11 January 1943) belie the notion that these reports were in any way manipulated, but the absence of manipulation also becomes apparent from the fact that the Poles sometimes openly stated that they were not able to identify certain features of the respective camp described by eyewitnesses, which a hypothetical superior entity interested in a “story” would certainly have required them to “identify”. Thus examining judge Lukaszkiewicz reported that he failed to find the location of the so-called “Lazarett” of Treblinka, where old and/or infirm deportees were bumped off so that they would not hold up the “processing” of the bulk of deportees at the gas chambers. He also didn’t find the foundations of the Treblinka gas chambers, which he would surely have “found” if he had “cooked” his report according to instructions received, as the “Revisionist” creed likes to claim or insinuate.
The absence of any reason to dismiss the results of the early Polish investigation reports in turn means that, on account of these reports alone, the examination of the physical evidence of the mass killing at the AR camps is by no means as poor as Mr. Ugly Voice would like it to be.
Of course it’s easier to indulge in whining and accusing speculations about why not “more” has been done in terms of physical examination than to explain why what has been done is supposed to be oh-so-woefully insufficient, which is why the former is what Mr. Ugly Voice dedicates most of this episode 18 to.
Mr. Ugly Voice tells his viewers that the «The lack of searching for physical evidence is shocking.» The reason why he considers this “lack” so “shocking” is a joke: because «scientists will do core sample studies on all sorts of things». Yeah, Mr. Ugly Voice, I’m sure they will, especially geologists, for whom core sample studies are a key method to establish geologically relevant events and developments. But here we are not talking about geological events and developments that a geologist’s work is about, we are talking about crimes and historical events and about the means that criminal investigators and/or historians have at their disposal and tend to use in order to reconstruct a crime or historical event.
So the question is, do these means necessarily include core sample studies or other soil examinations where the event in question is a large-scale mass murder? Can such event not be also and eventually better reconstructed by assessing documentary and demographic evidence and by interrogating participants in and witnesses to the crime? Are soil examinations standard procedures in forensic or historical investigations of mass killings, or are such events reconstructed also, chiefly or even exclusively by other means?
The mass killings of Jews and other undesirables by the Nazis may occupy a prominent place in the record of man-made horrors throughout history, but they are by no means the only such horrors. The Stalinist regime killed millions of its own citizens, and so did that of Mao Tse Tung in China. Pol Pot’s Khmer Rouge murdered at least a million Cambodians between 1975 and 1979, and the Rwandan government had at least 500,000 members of the Tusti ethnicity slaughtered in 1994. These are but a few out of many possible examples regarding which I would be rather surprised if Mr. Ugly Voice or anyone else could show me that what we know about these mass killings is essentially based on detailed investigations of the physical evidence rather than on eyewitness testimonies, documentary evidence and demographic data. Stalin, for instance, had about 700,000 people executed in the course of his great purge in 1937/38, yet only a fraction of the mass graves containing these and other victims of Stalinist terror have been investigated. The same goes for the ca. 1.6 million victims of Stalin’s notorious penal camps. According to an investigation conducted in the 1970s by the West German Federal archives, Red Army troops killed about 24,500 German civilians at 2,620 crime sites east of the Oder and Neisse in 1944/45, yet nowhere did the investigating commission unearth any dead bodies or look at the soil underneath the killing sites, instead basing its conclusions exclusively on eyewitness reports from the various document collections related to the eastern lands. I also know of no site investigation conducted to establish the fate of any of the hundreds of thousands of Germans who lost their lives in the course of postwar expulsion from Poland, Czechoslovakia and other countries of Eastern Europe, many of whom were done to death in places like the infamous Lambinowice concentration camp in Silesia.
The list could be extended at will to cover many other large-scale crimes that “Revisionists” will hardly be “skeptical” about, especially such of Communist regimes, regarding which whatever investigations of physical evidence have taken place have covered but a relatively small part of the respective death toll, if any at all. If there is a “lack of searching for physical evidence” regarding Treblinka and the other Aktion Reinhard(t) camps, there is also such a “lack” regarding the overwhelming majority of mass killings not only throughout the past century, but throughout the whole of human history. Yet this “lack” has not kept historians or criminal investigators from reconstructing such historical events with a great degree of accuracy on the basis of other evidence, leaving no room for reasonable doubt as to the occurrence and magnitude of these events.
In what concerns the Aktion Reinhard(t) killing sites, there should also be taken into account two factors hindering physical investigations of the killing sites.
One is that, until about 15 years ago, these sites were in a country whose Communist dictatorship had, after the investigations conducted in the immediate postwar period, not shown much interest in supporting research about the mass killings at those camps – or, for that matter, at Auschwitz-Birkenau, the Hydrokop tests being a noteworthy exception to this rule. Jean-Claude Pressac wrote about this lack of interest on page 264 of his book AUSCHWITZ: Technique and Operation of the Gas Chambers:
After the work done by the Examining Judge, Jan Sehn. on the question, the Poles felt no need to probe any further. After Jan Sehn’s death in 1957, nobody thought to pursue or question his study of the Krematorien where the homicidal gas chambers were located, because the facts were considered to be obvious, as plain to see as the sun in the sky. What is more, a certain anti-semitic past, which ought to be forgotten in view of the vicissitudes suffered by the Poles since 1945, turned their historical research away from this field, where the findings were known and accepted, towards work on Polish resistance during the war for the survival of that country.
The other factor is related to the victims of the Aktion Reinhard(t) killings having been overwhelmingly Jews (though Romany were killed at those camps at well), and that Jewish religious beliefs prohibit disturbance of the peace of the dead. These religious considerations have led to enraged protests against the “desecration” caused by the soil investigations at Belzec, which are referred to in Part 1 of my article Carlo Mattogno on Belzec Archaeological Research:
[…]Last June, I warned on these pages that "Despite assurances by museum officials that 'we are being careful in construction not to disturb any human remains,' anyone familiar with the Belzec terrain, saturatedin its depth and breadth with the ashes and bones of the Jewish dead, knows that this is well nigh impossible."
With the recent publication of Andrzej Kola's book "Belzec: The Nazi Camp for Jews in the Light of Archaeological Sources," no one involved with the memorial project can claim ignorance of the desecration that has occurred.[…]
So we can see that, from the availability of more accurate means of establishing the death toll of these camps and the methodology of criminal investigation and historical research to considerations of religious piety, there are multiple reasons for the “lack of searching for physical evidence” bemoaned by Mr. Ugly Voice.
Yet our friend doesn’t see let alone mention any of these.
Instead his true believer’s one-track mind leads him to treat his readers to a crybaby session about what he claims to be the cause of said “lack”: the “harassment” that has come down on the poor “scientists” who have undertaken physical examinations of Nazi extermination sites in the past.
The “scientists” that our friend presents as victims of such “harassment” make this episode 18 a particularly laughable piece of horse manure.
One of them is Fred Leuchter, the pseudo-engineer commissioned by “Revisionist” guru Faurisson whose nonsense regarding cyanide traces in the gas chambers of Auschwitz-Birkenau, along with other ignorant and/or dishonest crap, was debunked years ago in the Leuchter FAQ series on the Nizkor site and is also exposed as what it is by Prof. van Pelt in his expert report submitted for the Irving-Lipstadt lawsuit.
The other is one of our steady customers, Mr. “Many Names” Rudolf, the guru of the “Revisionist” faith whose pseudo-scientific hoaxing, though more sophisticated than that of Leuchter, was thoroughly debunked by his professional colleague Dr. Richard Green, especially here and here.
If these ideologically motivated charlatans can be called scientists, then I’m the Pope of Rome, Minnesota.
Both of them have been “harassed”, for sure – by people who felt disgusted by their pseudo-scientific distortions in the service of anti-Semitic and/or Nazi-apologetic hate mongering and clearly expressed this opinion. Rudolf has also been prosecuted under German hate speech laws and is currently awaiting trial in Germany, which Mr. Ugly Voice apparently expects his viewers to start blobbing about. Yet neither the “harassment” nor Rudolf’s prosecution were related to those poor darlings merely having undertaken physical examinations of the Auschwitz-Birkenau mass killing site, as Mr. Ugly Voice would have it. They are related to both having consciously and willingly produced pseudo-scientific trash in order to deny proven historical facts that did not fit their ideological beliefs, built around admiration of the Nazi regime and/or loathing of Jews.
I don’t think much of the German hate speech laws under which Rudolf is being prosecuted, because I think nobody should be prosecuted for speaking or writing nonsense and also because such laws are counterproductive in that they give hate-mongering charlatans like Leuchter and Rudolf an excuse for the miserable results of their “research” and also a chance to portray themselves as martyrs. But as concerns the “harassment”, I think that crybaby whiners like Mr. Ugly Voice should bear in mind that free speech works both ways. On the one hand it gives people like Leuchter and Rudolf the right to utter any crackpot theory or other trash that comes into their minds. On the other hand, however, it gives people disgusted by such trash the right to openly and loudly say so and to tell the likes of Leuchter and Rudolf that and why they consider them to be full of shit.
So when these charlatans invoke the right of free speech, they should be aware that others have this right as well, and be prepared to bear the consequences. Complaining about “harassment” in reaction to their filth only shows what hypocrites and pussies these people are.
No, Mr. Ugly Voice, it’s not the “harassment”. Honest and objective researchers who stick to evidence and facts have no “harassment” let alone legal prosecution to fear, be it in the United States or in countries where hate speech legislation is applied. Only charlatans who convert their “research” into mendacious pamphlets supporting a hate-speech agenda are subject to such consequences – but then, they will only be getting what they were looking for.
After he has finished crying about the plight of his darling “scientists” Leuchter and Rudolf, Mr. Ugly Voice advertises one of the legacies that Rudolf has left on the VHO website, Mattogno’s Belzec in Propaganda, Testimonies, Archaeological Research, and History [large PDF]. He focuses on the chapter dedicated to Prof. Kola’s archaeological research and essentially regurgitates Mattogno’s claims that are the subject of my article Carlo Mattogno on Belzec Archaeological Research.
Ugly Voice starts out with the inane remark that Prof. Andrzej Kola and his team were “handpicked” and commissioned by the USHMM and a Polish “Holocaust rememberance group” and that it’s unlikely that these entities picked someone who had any possibility of finding things that didn’t support the “story”. Ever heard about conspiraloons, Mr. Ugly Voice? Well, you should, because you definitely are one.
After this showpiece of imbecility, Mr. Ugly Voice uses a “simplified” map of Prof. Kola’s findings drawn by Robin O'Neill to spin crap about the mass graves identified by Prof. Kola that he obviously took from Mattogno: some of the graves have irregular shapes, the graves are all over the camp site, the graves are aligned in a fashion that is not “military” and also not sanitary, and all of that goes against the coulda-shoulda-woulda – thinking that “Revisionists” are so fond of. All of this nonsense was already addressed in Part 2 and in section 4.6 of my article Carlo Mattogno on Belzec Archaeological Research, where it was explained that
• the graves, as described by Kola, are concentrated in the western and north-western part of the camp area on the one hand and in the eastern part of the camp area on the other, the former lying close together whereas the latter are more scattered;
• aligning the graves close to each other in a “military” fashion might have led to grave walls too thin and thus subject to collapsing in sandy soil like that at Belzec, and also made the removal of the soil taken out of the graves more difficult;
• most of the graves have the form of squares or rectangles, and where there are irregular shapes, as especially in the case of grave no. 14, it is reasonable to assume that these resulted from changes to the original grave structure, due to the camp staff’s ash disposal and leveling work at the end of the camp’s operation or to postwar robbery digs; and
• the SS personnel of Aktion Reinhard(t) were no military trained specialists in grave digging, but came mostly from the previous Aktion T4, the killing of physically and mentally disabled patients in mental health institutions falsely dubbed "euthanasia", and are unlikely to have undergone proper military training.
As to Mr. Ugly Voice’s ensuing superposition of O’Neill’s “simplified” map and a map shown in Yitzhak Arad’s book on the Aktion Reinhard(t) camps, I would like to be able to say that this is Mr. Ugly Voice’s own baloney and not something taken from Mattogno. Alas, it isn’t, for on pages 75 f. of his Belzec book Mattogno writes that
(...) an examination of the map of Belzec as published by Arad forces one to conclude that the quarters of the Ukrainian guards, the hygienic installations (barbers, infirmary, dentists for the SS and the Ukrainians), the kitchen for the Ukrainian guards, the garage, and the shoemakers’ and tailors’ workshops (shown on the map as numbers 3, 4, 5, 7 and 8) were located right next to mass graves or even on top of them!
As Arad’s map is not drawn to scale and does not claim to accurately portray the relative sizes, positions and distances of the camp objects shown on it, it’s rather silly to make a fuss about “inconsistencies” revealed by comparing this map with that of Kola or with O’Neill’s “simplified” version thereof – a rhetorical gag for suckers that I'm not surprised to see from a 3rd-rate rambler like Mr. Ugly Voice, yet would have expected the great guru Mattogno to do without. But then, as I wrote at the end of part 5 of the aforementioned article, the comparatively talented Mr. Mattogno is also just another hoaxing “Revisionist”.
Ugly Voice’s regurgitation of Mattogno’s stuff about Kola’s Belzec study continues in episode 19 of the video, which will be the subject of my next article on this blog. Stay tuned.