In their Treblinka... book Mattogno and Graf (M&G) make some absurd claims about the structure of gas chambers, and construct a silly conspiracy theory in chapter 5:
At the same time, the military examining judge of the military administration of the 65th Soviet Army, the First Lieutenant of Justice Jurowski, was drawing plans of the first as well as the second alleged killing facilities of Treblinka.And later:
These two drawings without a doubt depict two facilities with gas chambers, which are fed by engine exhaust gases (or, to put it more accurately, by the exhaust gases from a tractor). But none of the witnesses questioned by Judge Jurowski mentioned such a version of killing. As we pointed out in Chapter II, to be sure they spoke of an engine, but this served merely to operate the pump, by which the air was said to have been sucked out of the chambers and not for filling the chambers with exhaust fumes. This vacuum version was then officially stated in the Soviet report concerning Treblinka of August 24, 1944, as well as in the Polish-Soviet protocol of September 15, 1944. What, therefore, was Judge Jurowski's source?
The answer is simple: Jankiel Wiernik 's expositions of May 1944, because the Soviet investigating judges were in possession of a copy of his text, which is explicitly mentioned in the Soviet report of August 24, 1944. As will be recalled, Wiernik had simply transformed the steam chambers of the report of November 15, 1942, into engine exhaust gas chambers and even copied the drawing of the camp enclosed with that report. On this plan the two alleged killing installations are drawn in, the first with three and the second with ten chambers, whose structure is practically identical with those of the two drawings of Judge Jurowski. But because Wiernik had forgotten to append to the ten gas chambers of his second drawing an eleventh room, in which the engine was installed, Judge Jurowski saw himself forced to draw in the tractor (engine) at the end of the corridor, between chambers 5 and 10. He painstakingly adopted Wiernik 's drawings, yet nonetheless attempted to bring a minimum of order to them and in doing so drew equipment within the installations, which Wiernik had not mentioned. Since the Soviet judge understood significantly more about engineering than that witness, he enhanced the drawing with another element, which would have been indispensable for a hypothetical mass killing with engine exhaust fumes, but of whose necessity Wiernik had not been aware: the openings for the removal of the gas, i.e. of the air-gas mixture. We will come back to this important point in Section 8.
It is clear from all this that Judge Jurowski was technically too well-versed to swallow the nonsense told by the witnesses, but as Soviet military judge he accepted the story of the mass extermination in engine exhaust gas chambers and imbued it with a certain degree of plausibility by virtue of his drawings.
According to the official historiography, the gas chambers possessed no opening for the removal of the gas. As we have seen in Section 2, the Soviet Investigating Judge Jurowski inserted an opening for gas outflow in the ceiling in both of his drawings of the gas chambers of Treblinka. In 1947, Elias Rosenberg stated for the record:Then they provide some calculations and make the following conclusion":
"A small window, sealed air-tight, was fitted to the ceiling, which could not be opened and through which the man who regulated the gas supply was able to observe."
This small window, therefore, had nothing to do with any system for gas removal. But such a window, or, to be more exact, such an opening for the purging of the air-gas mixture would have been absolutely indispensable for a mass killing by the use of the exhaust gases of a powerful engine. Graduate engineer Arnulf Neumaier emphasizes that diesel engines emit their combustion gases with a pressure of 0.5 atmospheres (which corresponds to 500 g/cm2), and explains:
"[...] this means that there would have been a force equivalent to the weight of 5 metric tons pushing outward against each square meter of surface area."
If the alleged gas chambers were actually hermetically sealed, the gassing procedure under the circumstances described by the witnesses would therefore have come to a standstill through breakdown of the engine after scarcely a minute in the first facility, and after a little over four minutes in the second facility, if the walls of the building had not already collapsed before that. But probably the doors would simply not have withstood the pressure and would have been pushed off their hinges.There's so much that is wrong with their claims that one doesn't know where to start. Well, let's start with this one:
According to the official historiography, the gas chambers possessed no opening for the removal of the gas.What's that silliness about non-existent "official historiography"? Never mind. I suppose the scholarly literature on Treblinka may not contain any references to such an insignificant detail as an outlet for engine exhaust. If true, this doesn't mean that the history books somehow deny - implicitly or explicitly - the existence of such openings. M&G never supply a single statement from any book to that effect. Frankly, the claim is silly beyond belief.
What should interest us, however, is not whether secondary sources (such as scholarly historical treatises) mention such outlets, but whether any knowledgeable witnesses mention them. Keep in mind that absence of such mentions wouldn't prove that the outlets didn't exist. OK, so M&G do state - implicitly - that no witness interrogated in that period mentions the existence of such openings:
He [Jurovskij - SR] painstakingly adopted Wiernik 's drawings, yet nonetheless attempted to bring a minimum of order to them and in doing so drew equipment within the installations, which Wiernik had not mentioned. Since the Soviet judge understood significantly more about engineering than that witness, he enhanced the drawing with another element, which would have been indispensable for a hypothetical mass killing with engine exhaust fumes, but of whose necessity Wiernik had not been aware: the openings for the removal of the gas, i.e. of the air-gas mixture.(BTW, what's that thing about calling a military investigator a "judge"? Again, never mind.) So, according to M&G, Jurovskij based his drawings partially upon his own speculations, basically proving that he was dishonest (if the witnesses didn't mention any outlets and he drew them, that wouldn't be correct from any point of view).
Well, the problem is that at least one witness interrogated by Jurovskij did mention openings for removal of exhaust gas.
The Nuremberg document USSR-436 (GARF 7445-2-134) consists of the materials of the Soviet investigation of Treblinka. Among the numerous protocols of interrogation by military investigators Jurovskij and Malov there is a very important testimony by a former Treblinka Totenlager inmate Abram (Abraham) Goldfarb. Goldfarb took part in the construction of the new gas chambers (the 10-chambers building), just like Yankel Wiernik. It is amazing that M&G do not mention his testimony. Apparently, they're simply unaware of USSR-436 - but how can this be, is they took the very plans drawn by Jurovskij from it? Some "research"!
So here's what Goldfarb had to say to Jurovskij on 21.09.1944 about the old gas chambers building (GARF 7445-2-134, p. 31):
In each chamber there is one opening in the ceiling. And it is covered by a net.And about the new gas chambers building (GARF 7445-2-134, pp. 33, 33b):
For removal of the gas from the chamber there was a separate opening in the roof.Now if you will look at Jurovskij's drawing of the old gas chamber building (with 3 chambers) you can even see the net, mentioned by Goldfarb.
So Jurovskij did not just imagine these openings for gas removal! Now re-read what M&G wrote. Don't they appear as ignorant conspiraloons in light of these facts?
Interestingly, Wiernik also mentions these openings in his book, and M&G unwittingly cite this part in chapter 3:
A gas chamber measured 5 × 5 meters and was about 1.90 meters high. The outlet on the roof had a hermetic cap.What kind of outlet with a cap was that, if not the one for gas removal? True, Wiernik's description is somewhat different from Goldfarb's, but that may just mean that both descriptions are somewhat incomplete and thus complementary. (By the way, the authors' mendacious charge of plagiarism against Wiernik, which they repeat here, has been dealt with by me earlier.)
M&G's amazing lack of knowledge about USSR-436 also led them to make other false claims. For example, they state:
These two drawings without a doubt depict two facilities with gas chambers, which are fed by engine exhaust gases (or, to put it more accurately, by the exhaust gases from a tractor). But none of the witnesses questioned by Judge Jurowski mentioned such a version of killing.Oh, sure? Let's see. Goldfarb on 21.09.1944 about the old gas chambers (GARF 7445-2-134, pp. 31b, 32):
Regarding the issue of the structure of the building and the mechanism of extermination of people it is extremely important to add, that in the annex of the building there was a normal tractor engine, which was started in two cases: when the chambers were filled with people and for lighting purposes. From this generator one pipe (through which the gases were exhausted) passed through the attic to each chamber, and, as I have already testified, in each chamber the gases appeared through a socket.He described the gas supply for the new gas chambers similarly. How's that for "none of the witnesses questioned by Judge Jurowski mentioned such a version of killing"? More witnesses interrogated by the Soviet military investigators mentioned poisoning with engine exhaust as the method of murder, like Bronia Teperman, who worked in the kitchen of Totenlager Arbeitskommando, and who was interrogated on 26.09.1944 by the military investigator Malov (Malov and Jurovskij were investigating together; GARF 7445-2-134, p. 51):
Another pipe from the generator led directly to the outside. And it's clear why: when the engine was used for killing people, gases entered the chambers through a system of pipes, but when the main goal was the electric supply, gases were exhausted directly outside.
I happened to visit the building which consisted of three cabins. [...] Inside the cabins there were pipes from the engine, through which the engine exhaust entered the cabins.Continuing with their idiotic hypothesis (which they arrogantly state as if it was a fact!) that Jurovskij simply enhanced Wiernik's drawings, M&G write:
But because Wiernik had forgotten to append to the ten gas chambers of his second drawing an eleventh room, in which the engine was installed, Judge Jurowski saw himself forced to draw in the tractor (engine) at the end of the corridor, between chambers 5 and 10.Except in this instance Jurovskij also relied on Goldfarb, who had stated (GARF 7445-2-134, p. 33):
Climbing the steps, you're entering a very long corridor, on the left and right sides of which there are five chambers, with the only difference being that on the left side, near the last chamber, there is a little room for the engine.And voila! You can see on Jurovskij's drawing that there is a small engine room near the last chamber on the left side.
I.e. the accusations by M&G against Jurovskij are simply bogus.
Some may dismiss all these criticisms as unimportant. But the simple proven fact that Mattogno and Graf's "research" is extremely sloppy, atrocious, subpar - does matter. Mattogno and Graf are the most prolific, knowledgeable and, one is tempted to say, "reasonable" "revisionists" out there. If they're the best, what can one say about the rest?