Saturday, August 15, 2015

Plans for French Jews and "other enemies", December 1942 to March 1943

Author: Jonathan Harrison
This excellent analysis by Peter Longerich deserves to be quoted in full:
19.6(5) For a report to Hitler on 10 December 1942, Himmler set up a hand-written list of the points which he wanted to bring up. Under "II. SD and police affairs" Himmler specified as point 4 the following key word:
  • Jews in France
  • 6-700 000
  • other enemies. 

19.7 Next to these key words can be found a tick and in Himmler's own handwriting the word "abolish" (abschaffen): Himmler had thus brought up these points with Hitler and received permission from him to "abolish" i.e. to liquidate the estimated 600.000 to 700.000 Jews in France as well as "other enemies".179 After the meeting, Himmler sent a note to Müller, head of the Gestapo, in which he stated: 
The Führer gave orders that the Jews and other enemies in Frances should be arrested and deported. This should take place, however, only once he has spoken with Laval about it. It is a matter of 6-700.000 Jews.180 
19.8 Two months later, in February 1943, Eichmann, on a brief Paris visit submitted a maximum programme for the deportation of all Jews living in France including those with French citizenship.181
19.9 At the meeting on 10 December 1942 Himmler presented Hitler with a proposal to set up a work camp for Jewish hostages from France, Hungary and Romania, for altogether 10.000 people. According to a hand-written note by Himmler, Hitler accepted this proposal.182 After the meeting, Himmler sent an order to Müller to concentrate these 10.000 people in a "special camp" (Sonderlager). He stated: "Certainly they should work there, but under conditions whereby they remain healthy and alive."183
19.10 Himmlers handwritten notes about this meeting with Hitler and the orders sent to Müller confirm that it was Hitlers will that those French Jews which did not fall   under this rule were not "to be kept alive " (am Leben bleiben) but were to be "abolished", i.e. to be murdered.
Also note this interesting analysis by Edith Shaked. Although the Nazis were unable to complete these killing plans, the intention is clear.

1 comment:

Youdith Shaked said...

Thank you for mentioning my research.

Please, read an updated article on the Wannsee Conferene and other relevant articles of mine at:

The Holocaust: Reexamining The Wannsee Conference, Himmler's Appointments Book, and the Jews of Vichy-Tunisia; As per German Documents faxed to Shaked by Yehuda Bauer, current academic advisor at Yad Vashem and its former Director

Maps of Europe, 1939; Hitler's speech to the Reichstag Jan. 30, 1939

Holocaust Education as per the most updated research, and as per EHRI, the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, and Yad Vashem