In the case of Jews, for instance, except for Zionist circles and the action of certain associations promoting specifically Jewish interests, there thus exist communal relationships only to a relatively small extent; indeed, Jews often repudiate the existence of a Jewish 'community'.
Saturday, November 12, 2011
Max Weber on Jewish Communal Identity
Max Weber's Theory of Social and Economic Organization, originally published in German in 1920 and in English in 1947 (see here), contains a section entitled "Types of Solidary Social Relationships". This divides relationships into 'communal' and 'associative', defined here. On contemporary German Jews, Weber (p.138) refutes the assumption that Jews were an inward-looking close-knit community: